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H. Troy Nagle

December 17, 2016

Professor Nagle focuses his research on biomedical sensors and medical devices. In recent years he has been active in research projects in machine olfaction. He is currently President of the IEEE Sensors Council. He served as IEEE President in 1994 and was elected a Fellow of the AIMBE in 1998.

Scott Magness

December 17, 2016

Dr. Magness’ research is focused on the basic biology of intestinal stem cells, the genes that control their behavior, and translational approaches to stem cell based therapies for human disease and injury of the intestine. Furthermore his research focuses on elucidating genetic mechanisms underlying stemness and developing translational models to establish a finer understanding of stem cell-driven regeneration dynamics in homeostasis and injury. Using a combination of genetic mouse models and micro-frabricated bioengineered platforms, Dr. Magness’ team is exploiting the self-renewal capacity and multi-potency of ISCs to develop long-term ex vivo models of the intestine and colon with primary tissues. These biomimetic models offer new solutions for compound screening and cell-based therapies.

David Lalush

December 17, 2016

Dr. Lalush’s current research interest is in simultaneous PET and MR imaging, especially with respect to developing clinical applications for multimodal, quantitative imaging, primarily in cancer and neuroscience.  Applications of machine learning to these problems is a key element.

Dr. Lalush develops new technologies for X-ray imaging, including techniques for preclinical X-ray molecular imaging using nanostructured contrast agents, as well as system design and optimization for tomosynthesis and CT systems based on arrayed X-ray sources. Realistic imaging simulation is a key element of all research in Dr. Lalush’s lab.

Dr. Lalush’s expertise and past areas of research include tomographic reconstruction algorithm development; SPECT and PET imaging; X-ray system design and optimization; image processing; and signal processing.

 

Simultaneous PET-MRI imaging

 

The recent development of a combined PET-MRI scanner provides new opportunities to combine two important clinical and research imaging techniques, while also introducing unique challenges. The PET-MRI scanner can acquire inherently-registered PET and MRI images simultaneously, exploiting the complementary nature of the two modalities in anatomical, structural, and functional images. In collaboration with several researchers at the UNC Biomedical Research Imaging Center, we are addressing technical issues, exploiting unique opportunities, and developing new applications for PET-MRI.

 

Clinical Applications of PET-MRI

 

We partner with clinical colleagues to perform human-subjects studies for applications of PET-MRI in cancer and neuroscience. We currently have studies examining the potential for imaging to provide early prediction of response to neoadjuvant radiation therapy in high-grade sarcomas, and the potential for PET-MRI to provide additional information to inform surgical decisions in breast cancer.

 

MR-guided respiratory motion correction of PET in the upper abdomen

 

Simultaneous PET-MRI offers the possibility of using MR images to correct PET for motion blurring. PET targets in the upper abdomen, such as the liver and pancreas, move during the PET acquisition as the patient breathes, resulting in errors in quantitative estimates of PET uptake Anatomical MRI images taken during the PET acquisition can be used to track the nonrigid motion of the organs, and these estimated motion fields may then be used as the basis for warping the PET solution into a motion-free state. We are developing MR techniques for quickly scanning the patient during PET acquisition and relating these fast images to 3D motion models of the patient acquired prior to PET scanning. We are also integrating 3D motion fields into PET reconstruction to perform the motion correction, and using efficient GPU hardware to perform the intensive computations.

 

Image Analysis in Combined PET and MRI

 

PET and MRI measure different properties of tissue; in fact, MRI may be used in different ways to obtain multiple images of tissue emphasizing different properties. We are investigating the use of pattern analysis methods on multiple PET and MRI images to classify tissues into subtypes.

 

Energy-resolved Quantitative Micro-CT of Metallic Contrast Agents and other materials

 

Using a CdTe energy-sensitive detector, it is possible to acquire micro-CT data for a series of individual energies in a single scan, producing a set of effectively monochromatic CT images. By exploiting known properties of the absorption spectra of materials in a reconstruction algorithm, we can reduce noise in such images and improve the ability to distinguish different materials by their absorption spectra. This makes possible the imaging, separation, and quantitation of multiple functionalized metallic nanoparticles in a single scan.

Derek Kamper

December 17, 2016

Postdoc, Neurophysiology, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago

He (Helen) Huang

December 16, 2016

Dr. Huang’s research interest lies in neural-machine interfaces for robotic prosthetic limbs and exoskeletons, wearer-robot interaction and co-adaptation, adaptive and optimal control of wearable robots, and human movement control.

Xiaogang Hu

December 16, 2016

Our Research focuses on the control and neuromechanical properties of the upper extremity after a central or a peripheral injury, such as a stroke or an amputation. Specifically, we focus on the following three research topics regarding the upper extremity neuromuscular system: the neural aspect, the mechanical aspect, and the applied aspect with a focus on rehabilitation.

Edward Grant

December 16, 2016

Dr. Grant researches into cognitive robotics, medical robotics, and intelligent control via wireless sensor networks. Projects under these topics include, robot colony control via evolutionary algorithms, mobile robot navigation and planning via received signal strength from “mote-like” wireless sensor networks, wearable sensing and control of venous blood flow, automated cell micro-actuation and micro-injection, musculoskeletal modeling and analysis for rehabilitation robotics.

Michael Gamcsik

December 16, 2016

Our laboratory is focused upon using engineering and chemical analysis to study oxidative stress in cultured cells and intact tissue. Oxidative stress is present in almost all human pathologies and our lab is focused on its role in the development and treatment of cancer and neurodegenerative processes.