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Find Faculty / Nitin Sharma

Contact Information:


Nitin Sharma

4212C EB3
NC State University

nsharm23@ncsu.edu

Research Areas:
  • Rehabilitation Engineering
Education:
  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering University of Florida, Gainesville 2010
  • MS in Mechanical Engineering University of Florida, Gainesville 2008

Bio

My research group is interested in deriving control methods that provide a safe and stable physical human-robot interaction for people with mobility disorders, undergoing neurorehabilitation. Specifically, my research group has designed assistive control methods for a lower-limb hybrid exoskeleton that combines functional electrical stimulation (FES) and a powered exoskeleton to enable people with complete paraplegia to stand and walk. Our long term goal is to derive control methods that enable people with paraplegia to achieve functional independence. To support this goal, we use variety of tools and methods from control theory that may include Robust Nonlinear Control, Model Predictive Control, Reinforcement Learning, and Neural Networks-based Adaptive Control. To provide stable interaction between the hybrid exoskeleton and a user, we are also investigating optimal surrogate signals derived from ultrasound imaging that inform residual muscle activity and the onset of FES-induced muscle fatigue. The lower-limb muscle activity or changes in muscle contractility are used to design a stable and controlled-assist from the exoskeleton. Other interests include control of time-delayed robotic systems such as during teleoperation, optimizing dosage of FES to minimize muscle fatigue, and control of an acoustic-powered microrobot.

Research Interests

Robust Adaptive Nonlinear Control of Functional electrical Stimulation (FES)
Synergistic Control of Powered Exoskeleton and FES
Ultrasound Imaging for intent detection
Ultrasound Imaging to model FES-induced muscle fatigue


Awards

2019 IEEE CSS Control Systems Technology Award
2018 NSF CAREER AWARD
2011 Alberta Innovates Postdoctoral Fellowship
2011 MAE Best Dissertation Award
2009 O Hugo Schuck Award for Best Application Paper


Courses Taught

BME 205 Introduction to Biomedical Mechanics


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